A teacher must lead the students towards a certain goal or result. Here, the teacher assumes the role of expert and the one who sits with the correct answers. The class will expect the teacher be able to give them the right answer when a task is difficult.
As a facilitator, it is the participant’s answers that define the goal and the result. The facilitator merely plans and facilitates a process that will help participants reflect, wonder, engage, and see new perspectives. A facilitator is very aware of the group dynamic and has the group as center of attention. Participants will expect to be listened to and recognized for the unique individual they are and their contribution to the group and process.